This book describes novel software architectures for the integration of deep and shallow natural language processing (NLP) components in language technology. The generic markup language XML and the XML transformation language XSLT are used for flexible combination of linguistic markup produced by multiple NLP components. Shallow NLP components such as tokenizers, part-of-speech taggers, named entity recognizers and shallow parsers are combined with a deep parser, operating grammars written in the spirit of the Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) theory. The integration paradigm enables synergy leading to more robust deep parsing with increased coverage. It also constitutes a division of labor: the deep grammar models general, correct language use, while shallow systems are responsible for domain-specific extensions. Applications are presented in question answering, information extraction, natural language understanding, ontologies and the Semantic Web. The book addresses to software engineers, computational linguists and language technology engineers.
Integrating Natural Language Processing Components with XML and XSLT:Representations and Hybrid Architectures Ulrich Schäfer
GNU Emacs is the most popular and widespread of the Emacs family of editors. It is also the most powerful and flexible. Unlike all other text editors, GNU Emacs is a complete working environment--you can stay within Emacs all day without leaving. Learning GNU Emacs, 3rd Edition tells readers how to get started with the GNU Emacs editor. It is a thorough guide that will also ´´grow´´ with you: as you become more proficient, this book will help you learn how to use Emacs more effectively. It takes you from basic Emacs usage (simple text editing) to moderately complicated customization and programming.The third edition of Learning GNU Emacs describes Emacs 21.3 from the ground up, including new user interface features such as an icon-based toolbar and an interactive interface to Emacs customization. A new chapter details how to install and run Emacs on Mac OS X, Windows, and Linux, including tips for using Emacs effectively on those platforms.Learning GNU Emacs, third edition, covers: * How to edit files with Emacs * Using the operating system shell through Emacs * How to use multiple buffers, windows, and frames * Customizing Emacs interactively and through startup files * Writing macros to circumvent repetitious tasks * Emacs as a programming environment for Java, C++, and Perl, among others * Using Emacs as an integrated development environment (IDE) * Integrating Emacs with CVS, Subversion and other change control systems for projects with multiple developers * Writing HTML, XHTML, and XML with Emacs * The basics of Emacs Lisp The book is aimed at new Emacs users, whether or not they are programmers. Also useful for readers switching from other Emacs implementations to GNU Emacs.
Get a head start with eXist, the open source NoSQL database and application development platform built entirely around XML technologies. With this hands-on guide, you?ll learn eXist from the ground up, from using this feature-rich database to work with millions of documents to building complex web applications that take advantage of eXist?s many extensions. If you?re familiar with XML?as a student, professor, publisher, or developer?you?ll find that eXist is ideal for all kinds of documents. This book shows you how to store, query, and search documents with XQuery and other XML technologies, and how to construct applications on top of the database with tools such as eXide and eXist?s built-in development environment. * Manage both data-oriented and text-oriented markup documents securely * Build a sample application that analyzes and searches Shakespeare?s plays * Go inside the architecture and learn how eXist processes documents * Learn how to work with eXist?s internal development environment * Choose among various indexes, including a full-text index based on Apache Lucene * Dive into eXist?s APIs for integrating or interacting with the database * Extend eXist by building your own Triggers, Scheduled Tasks, and XQuery extension modules
The complete guide to building world-class rich Internet applications with Microsoft Expression Blend 4 and WPF, Silverlight, and XAML Now in full color! Covers all designer interactions involved in building real-world applications -- from drag-and-drop design to prototyping, and beyond Includes four start-to-finish ´´Learning Lab Project´´ case studies By Brennon Williams, Microsoft MVP for Expression Blend and a world-renowned leader of the Expression Blend community Written by Microsoft MVP Brennon Williams, this is the definitive guide to building rich Internet applications with the newest version of Expression Blend. Now in full color, this comprehensive, practical reference covers every designer and developer interaction with Expression Blend 4, including: ´´ Getting started, navigating Blend 4, and utilizing its tools and asset library ´´ Using new designer tools to maximize productivity ´´ Creating styles, control templates, and grid layouts ´´ Prototyping WPF and Silverlight applications ´´ Enabling specific software behaviors in user interfaces via drag-and-drop design ´´ Using design-time data sources, resource dictionaries, and triggers ´´ Storyboarding and then building sophisticated animations ´´ Implementing processes ´´ Importing designs from Adobe Illustrator and other programs ´´ Creating functional prototypes ´´ Working with user, inherited, and custom controls ´´ Integrating 3D elements, and much more Expression Blend 4 Unleashed also includes four start-to-finish Learning Lab Projects -- walking designers through building media players, contact managers, application launchers, and media managers. Product Description This book has one primary goal: to get you working in Expression Blend 4 effectively using the features and functionality of the tool. This book is not about XAML, not about code nor explicit work flows. It is about simply dragging, dropping, drawing, and defining the experience and vision for a user interface and rich interactive experience. You will learn how to work with the core features of Blend, edit Styles and Templates, and more importantly, understand what they all mean. You will also work in detail with Parts, States, and Behaviors to understand how collectively they can provide your solutions advanced functionality without the need for code or hand-cranked XAML. Animations and Storyboards will allow you to bring life to your vision, as will working with data efficiently and learning how to create and manage Resources. In short, this book will give you the answers to many questions asked in forums by new and experienced users alike. Microsoft Expression Blend 4 Unleashed is a stunning, full-color resource with hundreds of screenshots and informative figure references. It has also been authored sequentially, to enable you to build your knowledge step-by-step and gain confidence through repartition and fearlessness in discovery. Detailed information on how to. Create, edit, and work effectively with Styles and Templates Master Parts, States, and Behaviors to enable XAML and code free functionality Use Blend´s Animation and Storyboard workflows to bring life to your solutions Create and manage Resource Dictionaries, Skins, and Themes Create sample and live data Implement effective XML, CLR Data binding, and Control Template binding using Expression Blends advanced data support tools Use Blend as part of your designer/developer workflow to create rapid prototypes with SketchFlow Use design resources to start creating solutions for Windows Phone 7 Work with WPF, Silverlight, and Silverlight for Windows Phone 7 platforms Backcover This book has one primary goal: to get you working in Expression Blend 4 effectively using the features and functionality of the tool. This book is not about XAML, not about code nor explicit work flows. It is about simply dragging, dropping, drawing, and defining the experience and vision for a user interface and rich interactive experience. You will learn how to work with the core features of Blend, edit Styles and Templates, and more importantly, understand what they all mean. You will also work in detail with Parts, States, and Behaviors to understand how collectively they can provide your solutions advanced functionality without the need for code or hand-cranked XAML. Animations and Storyboards will allow you to bring life to your vision, as will working with data efficiently and learning how to create and manage Resources. In short, this book will