This book describes novel software architectures for the integration of deep and shallow natural language processing (NLP) components in language technology. The generic markup language XML and the XML transformation language XSLT are used for flexible combination of linguistic markup produced by multiple NLP components. Shallow NLP components such as tokenizers, part-of-speech taggers, named entity recognizers and shallow parsers are combined with a deep parser, operating grammars written in the spirit of the Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) theory. The integration paradigm enables synergy leading to more robust deep parsing with increased coverage. It also constitutes a division of labor: the deep grammar models general, correct language use, while shallow systems are responsible for domain-specific extensions. Applications are presented in question answering, information extraction, natural language understanding, ontologies and the Semantic Web. The book addresses to software engineers, computational linguists and language technology engineers.
Integrating Natural Language Processing Components with XML and XSLT:Representations and Hybrid Architectures Ulrich Schäfer
The Only Official, Best-Practice Guide to Qt 4.3 Programming Using Trolltech´s Qt you can build industrial-strength C++ applications that run natively on Windows, Linux/Unix, Mac OS X, and embedded Linux without source code changes. Now, two Trolltech insiders have written a start-to-finish guide to getting outstanding results with the latest version of Qt: Qt 4.3. Packed with realistic examples and in-depth advice, this is the book Trolltech uses to teach Qt to its own new hires. Extensively revised and expanded, it reveals today´s best Qt programming patterns for everything from implementing model/view architecture to using Qt 4.3´s improved graphics support. You´ll find proven solutions for virtually every GUI development task, as well as sophisticated techniques for providing database access, integrating XML, using subclassing, composition, and more. Whether you´re new to Qt or upgrading from an older version, this book can help you accomplish everything that Qt 4.3 makes possible. Completely updated throughout, with significant new coverage of databases, XML, and Qtopia embedded programming Covers all Qt 4.2/4.3 changes, including Windows Vista support, native CSS support for widget styling, and SVG file generation Contains separate 2D and 3D chapters, coverage of Qt 4.3´s new graphics view classes, and an introduction to QPainter´s OpenGL back-end Includes new chapters on look-and-feel customization and application scripting Illustrates Qt 4´s model/view architecture, plugin support, layout management, event processing, container classes, and much more Presents advanced techniques covered in no other book
Finally, there´s a book that treats Excel as the powerful development platform it really is, and covers every facet of developing commercial-quality Excel applications. This is not a book for beginners. Writing for professional developers and true Excel experts, the authors share insider´s knowledge they´ve acquired building Excel applications for many of the world´s largest companies?including Microsoft. Professional Excel Development demonstrates how to get the utmost from Excel, addressing everything from application architectures through worksheet and userform design, charting, debugging, error handling and optimizing performance. Along the way, the authors offer best practices for every type of Excel development, from building add-ins through interacting with XML Web services. Coverage includes Building add-ins to provide new Excel functions Designing effective worksheets, userforms and other user interface elements Leveraging Excel´s powerful data analysis features Creating sophisticated custom charts Handling errors, debugging applications and optimizing performance Using class modules and interfaces to create custom objects Understanding Windows API calls: when to use them, and how to modify them Adding worksheet functions with C-based XLLs Programming with databases Controlling external applications from Excel Integrating with Visual Basic 6, VB.NET and Visual Studio Tools for Office Using XML to import and export data and communicate with Web services Providing help, securing, packaging and distributing
GNU Emacs is the most popular and widespread of the Emacs family of editors. It is also the most powerful and flexible. Unlike all other text editors, GNU Emacs is a complete working environment--you can stay within Emacs all day without leaving. Learning GNU Emacs, 3rd Edition tells readers how to get started with the GNU Emacs editor. It is a thorough guide that will also ´´grow´´ with you: as you become more proficient, this book will help you learn how to use Emacs more effectively. It takes you from basic Emacs usage (simple text editing) to moderately complicated customization and programming.The third edition of Learning GNU Emacs describes Emacs 21.3 from the ground up, including new user interface features such as an icon-based toolbar and an interactive interface to Emacs customization. A new chapter details how to install and run Emacs on Mac OS X, Windows, and Linux, including tips for using Emacs effectively on those platforms.Learning GNU Emacs, third edition, covers: * How to edit files with Emacs * Using the operating system shell through Emacs * How to use multiple buffers, windows, and frames * Customizing Emacs interactively and through startup files * Writing macros to circumvent repetitious tasks * Emacs as a programming environment for Java, C++, and Perl, among others * Using Emacs as an integrated development environment (IDE) * Integrating Emacs with CVS, Subversion and other change control systems for projects with multiple developers * Writing HTML, XHTML, and XML with Emacs * The basics of Emacs Lisp The book is aimed at new Emacs users, whether or not they are programmers. Also useful for readers switching from other Emacs implementations to GNU Emacs.