This book describes novel software architectures for the integration of deep and shallow natural language processing (NLP) components in language technology. The generic markup language XML and the XML transformation language XSLT are used for flexible combination of linguistic markup produced by multiple NLP components. Shallow NLP components such as tokenizers, part-of-speech taggers, named entity recognizers and shallow parsers are combined with a deep parser, operating grammars written in the spirit of the Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) theory. The integration paradigm enables synergy leading to more robust deep parsing with increased coverage. It also constitutes a division of labor: the deep grammar models general, correct language use, while shallow systems are responsible for domain-specific extensions. Applications are presented in question answering, information extraction, natural language understanding, ontologies and the Semantic Web. The book addresses to software engineers, computational linguists and language technology engineers.
Understand why SOA is important for business innovation and change Feeling overwhelmed by the buzz about service oriented architecture? Take heart! This bestselling guide makes it easy to understand what SOA is, why it´s important, and how your business can benefit. You´ll discover how to create reusable, flexible systems; how IT and management team up to make SOA work; and what SOA means to your bottom line. * What it is - see how SOA is designed for maximum adaptability * Building blocks - examine the main components of SOA and how they work * Break it to fix it - learn to deconstruct business processes and applications to identify their components, then put them together in new ways * The ´´X´´ factor - explore XML and how it´s used in SOA * Who´s the governor? - develop a governance strategy for SOA based on your company´s business rules and requirements * Keep it clean - find out how to assure data quality and consistency * Everything in balance - understand SOA in context with Web 2.0, unified communications, and cloud computing Open the book and find: * An easy test to determine whether you need SOA * Four common pitfalls and how to avoid them * Lessons learned from successful IT executives * The significance of using a registry and repository * How to leverage existing assets * Why identity management software matters for SOA * The benefits of SOA service management * The ROI of SOA from real-world experiences
A hands on guide to web scraping and text mining for both beginners and experienced users of R * Introduces fundamental concepts of the main architecture of the web and databases and covers HTTP, HTML, XML, JSON, SQL. * Provides basic techniques to query web documents and data sets (XPath and regular expressions). * An extensive set of exercises are presented to guide the reader through each technique. * Explores both supervised and unsupervised techniques as well as advanced techniques such as data scraping and text management. * Case studies are featured throughout along with examples for each technique presented. * R code and solutions to exercises featured in the book are provided on a supporting website.
Discover the RESTful technologies, including REST, JSON, XML, JAX-RS web services, SOAP and more, for building today´s microservices, big data applications, and web service applications. This book is based on a course the Oracle-based author is teaching for UC Santa Cruz Silicon Valley which covers architecture, design best practices and coding labs. Pro RESTful APIs: Design gives you all the fundamentals from the top down: from the top (architecture) through the middle (design) to the bottom (coding). This book is a must have for any microservices or web services developer building applications and services. What You´ll Learn Discover the key RESTful APIs, including REST, JSON, XML, JAX, SOAP and more Use these for web services and data exchange, especially in today´s big data context Harness XML, JSON, REST, and JAX-RS in examples and case studies Apply best practices to your solutions´ architecture Who This Book Is For Experienced web programmers and developers.
Combining coverage of XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0 into one book, this authoritative reference provides equal weight to the powerful new features of XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0 and the established capabilities of the 1.0 versions. Author Michael Kay has created his own implementation of XSLT 2.0 (Saxon), and he puts his unique knowledge to work in this detailed reference to the elements of the XSLT 2.0 language and the fundamentals of XPath, complete with syntax, practical usage advice, and examples. The book begins by teaching the essential concepts behind the language, knowledge you need if you are going to write good code rather than just working code. You will discover how XSLT and XPath differ from other languages, and how you use them to create effective web-based applications. The central chapters provide meticulous coverage of the language features of XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0. You will return to this reference whenever you encounter new programming challenges. You finish with detailed case studies highlighting real applications to give you insights you would otherwise gain only from months of practical experience. What you will learn from this book * All the XSLT elements you can use in a stylesheet and the detailed rules for the syntax and semantics of each * How Path expressions enable you to navigate around the structure of an XML document * How you can improve your stylesheets by taking advantage of the XML Schema definitions of input and output documents * How to take advantage of vendor extensions without losing portability * Techniques for taking advantage of XSLT to write real applications Who this book is for This book is for experienced programmers who are looking to become proficient with XSLT 2.0. Previous experience with XSLT or XPath is not necessary. However, a working knowledge of XML, HTML, and web architecture is beneficial. Wrox Programmer´s References are designed to give the experienced developer straight facts on a new technology, without hype or unnecessary explanations. They deliver hard information with plenty of practical examples to help you apply new tools to your development projects today.
Learn to use C#´s powerful set of core libraries to automate tedious yet important tasks like performing vulnerability scans, malware analysis, and incident response. With some help from Mono, you can write your own practical security tools that will run on Mac, Linux, and even mobile devices. Following a crash course in C# and some of its advanced features, you´ll learn how to: -Write fuzzers that use the HTTP and XML libraries to scan for SQL and XSS injection -Generate shellcode in Metasploit to create cross-platform and cross-architecture payloads -Automate Nessus, OpenVAS, and sqlmap to scan for vulnerabilities and exploit SQL injections -Write a .NET decompiler for Mac and Linux -Parse and read offline registry hives to dump system information -Automate the security tools Arachni and Metasploit using their MSGPACK RPCs Streamline and simplify your work day with Gray Hat C# and C#´s extensive repertoire of powerful tools and libraries.
Advanced data management has always been at the core of efficient database and information systems. Recent trends like big data and cloud computing have aggravated the need for sophisticated and flexible data storage and processing solutions.This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the principles of data management developed in the last decades with a focus on data structures and query languages. It treats a wealth of different data models and surveys the foundations of structuring, processing, storing and querying data according these models. Starting off with the topic of database design, it further discusses weaknesses of the relational data model, and then proceeds to convey the basics of graph data, tree-structured XML data, key-value pairs and nested, semi-structured JSON data, columnar and record-oriented data as well as object-oriented data. The final chapters round the book off with an analysis of fragmentation, replication and consistency strategies for data management in distributed databases as well as recommendations for handling polyglot persistence in multi-model databases and multi-database architectures. While primarily geared towards students of Master-level courses in Computer Science and related areas, this book may also be of benefit to practitioners looking for a reference book on data modeling and query processing. It provides both theoretical depth and a concise treatment of open source technologies currently on the market.
Welcome to Hollywood! Follow the saga of the Acme Pictures movie studio as it exchanges information with its vendor and its primary customer to put low-budget sci-fi movies on shelves. This entertaining case study showcases the requirements, standards, and capabilities for building an SAP EDI system and optimizing electronic information exchange via IDocs. From configuring IDocs, to generating purchase orders and goods receipts, to processing invoices, this script teaches you how to make your EDI system a star. 1. Cross-Industry Standard See what makes IDocs in SAP and EDI the heart, bones, arteries, and brains of modern businesses and government organizations. 2. The Full Picture Build the EDI system step by step, from generating the purchase order, to building outbound order confirmation, to processing the inbound payment advice using IDocs. 3. Custom IDocs Using ABAP, ALE, and XML, explore custom utilities that extend standard SAP functionality. 4. Test Your System Learn how to achieve success and diagnose failure by using monitoring tools to troubleshoot. 5. Updated and Expanded In this second edition, find new custom tools and utilities, a renewed focus on the business context, and new interfaces from the purchasing cycle. Highlights include: Business process integration IDoc architecture and configuration Custom IDocs and extensions Mapping specifications Message control Customer purchase orders Replication services Inbound goods receipts and invoices Outbound advance shipments and invoices Custom IDoc tools EDI and IDocs troubleshooting and recovery